History and Genealogy Reference Unit. Today, Americans are used to a calendar with a "year" based the earth's rotation around the sun, with "months" having no relationship to the cycles of the moon and New Years Day falling on January 1. However, that system was not adopted in England and its colonies until Throughout history there have been numerous attempts to convey time in relation to the sun and moon.
Millions of British citizens and their colonial counterparts across the Atlantic Ocean went to sleep on 2 September and woke up on 14 September. The calendar used by many nations around the world including both Britain and America was originally created by Julius Caesar in the year 45 B. This calendar moved the first day of the year to January 1st from its original date of March 1st. However, when the Roman Empire fell in the 5th century, the calendar was once again realigned to coincide with Christian Festivals.
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